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Future airport design

General Transport Discussion not specific to one state

Future airport design

Postby Roderick Smith » Tue Jul 25, 2017 12:07 am

Roderick

Airports of the future will use technology to deliver a stress-free experience July 24, 2017.
Artist's impression of Changi Airport's Jewel extension at Terminal 1, set to open in early 2019, featuring a five-story garden along with a 40-metre "Rain Vortex" lighted water display. Image: Neoscape
No matter how well-regarded a particular airport happens to be, the slog from curb to cabin is pretty much the same wherever you go. A decades-old paradigm of queues, security screens, snack vendors, and gate-waiting prevails – the only difference is the level of stress.
The sky portal of the 2040s, however, is likely to be free of such delights. Many of us will be driven to the terminal by autonomous cars; our eyes, faces, and fingers will be scanned; and our bags will have a permanent ID that allows them to be whisked from our homes before we even set out.
Some of these airports will no longer be relegated to the outskirts of town – they will merge with city centres, becoming new destination “cities” within a city for people without travel plans. Shall we get dinner, watch a movie, see a concert, shop? People will choose to go to the airport. Your employer may even relocate there.
These are the types of infrastructure investments and technologies that will, in theory, allow airports to largely eradicate the dreaded waiting. Travellers will migrate around the terminal faster and see fewer walls and physical barriers thanks to the abundance of sophisticated sensors, predicts Dallas-based architecture and design firm Corgan.
The company recently assembled its concepts of how airports will evolve, based on extensive research of passenger experiences at various airports and the greater role technology may play.
One day, the airport will know “everything about everyone moving in the airport,” said Seth Young, director of the Centre for Aviation Studies at Ohio State University. The goal will be to deploy “a security infrastructure that’s constantly screening people from the door to the gate, and not having this toll-booth mentality,” he said. “We know that 99.9 per cent of the passengers are clean, so why are we wasting time screening all of those?”
Design for Dalian International Airport in China. Image: Corgan Design for Dalian International Airport in China. Image: Corgan
Much of this technology is likely to be seen outside the US first, given the advanced age of most American airports and the more robust infrastructure funding available in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. In the 2017 Skytrax awards, only 14 airports in the US even made the top 100.
One can look to Singapore for a glimpse of how airports will change over the next 20 years. Changi Airport, a pioneer of the industry, recently opened a “living lab” to pursue further innovation. In March it was named the world’s best airport for the fifth consecutive year by Skytrax.
A space to move through
One reason airports tend to look and function remarkably alike is that they’re designed to accommodate air travel infrastructure – security, passenger ticketing, baggage, ground transport – with the primary concerns being safety and minimal overheads for their tenant airlines.
“Today it’s what you call a transient space – it’s not a space to be in, it’s a space for you to move through,” said Jonathan Massey, the aviation leader for Corgan, which has overseen the design of major terminals worldwide, including Atlanta, Dallas, Shanghai, Dalian and Los Angeles. “We need to evolve the terminals into being little cities.”
As part of the research, Corgan designers measured anxiety levels for different passenger types. The greatest offender among all groups was the security checkpoint, that confined space of shoe-doffing, laptop-extraction, and frisky government agents barking orders. “A lot of the stress in an airport is perceived, it’s spatial,” said Samantha Flores, a Corgan associate. But when it comes to the biggest infrastructure burden, one aspect of today’s airports stands out.
“The big, big issue,” said Dwight Pullen, is luggage. Pullen, national director of aviation at Skanska USA, a construction firm with numerous airport projects, including the renovation of New York’s infamous LaGuardia, said:”Think about how much infrastructure and technology and time is spent on bags. It’s a huge issue. It’s not one that has been figured out.”
Artist's impression of the entrance to Changi Airport's newest terminal, which is expected to open later this year. Image: Changi Airport Group Artist’s impression of the entrance to Changi Airport’s newest terminal, which is expected to open later this year. Image: Changi Airport Group
Changi Airport’s new Terminal 4, which will open later this year, will feature an array of “fast and seamless travel” (FAST) technologies to speed people-processing without the need for human supervision, from face-recognition software to automated bag-tagging and checking.
Two US carriers, Delta Air Lines and JetBlue Airways, recently began trials of biometrics data as a way to speed your way. JetBlue is testing facial recognition equipment in Boston to match travellers with their passports and visa photos, while Delta just began trials of a similar system for bag drops at its Minneapolis-St. Paul hub. Delta is also trying out fingerprints as a potential future replacement for boarding passes and ID and, via its mobile app, now offers customers real-time maps showing their checked bags’ location.
“We’re rapidly moving towards a day when your fingerprint, iris, or face will become the only ID you’ll need for any number of transactions throughout a given day,” said Gil West, Delta’s chief operating officer.
A Super Bowl worth of people every single day
Amid all this increased efficiency, airports are also keen to have people linger so they’ll buy more stuff – and that means a continuous focus on more upscale retail options.
Shanghai Airport’s proposed redesign. Image: Corgan Shanghai Airport’s proposed redesign. Image: Corgan
“The number of passengers that flow through airports really rivals any other mechanism out there that can congregate that many customers in one place,” says Ken Buchanan, executive vice president of revenue management for Dallas-Fort Worth International, the fourth-largest US airport by passenger numbers. “It’s like having a Super Bowl worth of people every single day.”
But while technology helps make the airport experience more pleasant, the size of that captive audience may begin shrinking due to, well, technology.
One thing that may thin out the terminal crowds is cars. Ohio State’s Young and others see a day when autonomous vehicles – and air taxis of the sort Uber envisions – will siphon off a chunk of shorter flights that are 800 kilometres or less. For US airports, the ascension of self-driving cars will create a costly conundrum: how to replace parking revenue, which typically represents a quarter of annual airport budgets.
To find new revenue, airport executives will need to attract dollars in other ways, via dining, shopping, and entertainment. Since that may not be enough, new business models will be needed for ground transportation and commercial office space; perhaps new revenue may accrue from baggage delivery service.
Amenities in an airport – movies, bowling, butterfly gardens, and virtual reality golf – are becoming de rigueur for many Asian and Middle Eastern hubs. Singapore’s Jewel Changi extension at Terminal 1, set to open in early 2019, will offer a five-story garden with thousands of trees and plants, along with a 40-metre “Rain Vortex” lighted water display. Similar themes are apparent in the designs for Helsinki Airport’s Terminal 2 expansion, set for 2021, which includes an indoor forest.
At Changi, concession revenues rose 5 per cent last year to a record $S2.16 billion ($2 billion), while the world’s busiest airport, Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International, topped $US1 billion ($1.26 billion) in concession sales in 2016, also a record.
“Our efforts to grow Changi’s commercial business and provide an enjoyable shopping and dining experience is part and parcel of enhancing the overall airport experience for our passengers, and will continue in the years to come,” the airport said in an emailed statement.
“No matter what,” Young said, “airports want to make it efficient.” That means getting through quickly – be it arriving, departing, or transferring. “But they love it when people are at the airport,” he added, “because of the opportunities to spend money.”
www.commercialrealestate.com.au/news/ai ... experience
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Re: Facial recognition vs passports

Postby Roderick Smith » Fri Jul 28, 2017 4:18 pm

Passports will still be essential for most/all travel: they have lots more uses than just getting home through an Australian airport.

Roderick

Facial recognition to overtake passports.
AAP July 27, 2017.
NEW technology will be rolled out at Australian airports which will eventually mean known passengers arriving in the country won’t have to produce passports.
Immigration Minister Peter Dutton on Wednesday announced a new $22.5 million, three-year contract which will see 105 new smart gates rolled out, with more to come over time.
It will enable passengers from more countries to be processed using facial recognition.
Mr Dutton says the rollout will help tackle some of the frustration of long queues after international flights.
The change could mean the death of chaotic airport queues. Picture: Charles Miranda.
“The idea of this will be through new technology that is using facial recognition that in some cases if you’ve got a passport that can be read you won’t even have to present the passport,” he told the Seven Network. “It will make it much quicker going through the immigration process.” It’s estimated 40 million people cleared Australia’s borders last year and that’s tipped to rise to 50 million in three years.
www.heraldsun.com.au/travel/travel-news ... d48e76bd12

July 28 2017 Facial recognition technology to replace passport scans at airports .
Border control tech players Vision-Box will deliver part of a radical Immigration Department overhaul for Australia's airports that will do away with passport scans for travellers.
The government has awarded the company a three-year, $22.5 million contract to install upgraded biometric scanning for most international passengers as Immigration bids to speed up the flow of travellers.
Immigration Department wants eligible passengers to arrive at baggage claim having self-processed their border entry. Photo: Getty Images .
Using facial recognition technology, passengers known to Immigration will be able to self-process their border entry without a passport check.
Immigration wants to run an initial trial at Canberra Airport in late 2017 and finish the roll-out by mid 2019.
Immigration Minister Peter Dutton said the technology would improve the efficiency and speed of border processing for travellers.
As the number of passengers and crew cleared through the border at Australian airports each year is projected to rise 25 per cent to 50 million by 2020, Immigration wants 90 per cent of eligible travellers self-processing at the border by then.
The Immigration Department has sought technology that would abolish incoming passenger cards and replace manned desks with electronic stations and automatic triage.
The plan goes much further than the SmartGates currently installed at some airports that require passports to be scanned electronically. Those gates, introduced less than 10 years ago, will be retired as part of the new "contactless" system.
Global tech giants IBM and Hewlett-Packard are among IT firms to have shown interest in other border control changes that will replace plane ticket checks and passenger cards for travellers.
They joined Telstra and Japanese tech company Fujitsu attending a briefing on a tender for technology that will collect personal information from incoming passengers and remove Australian Border Force officials' reliance on tickets.
The changes come as Immigration floats a plan to let private operators run large parts of Australia's visa system and charge migrants in a bid to avoid cost blow-outs and cope with booming visitor demand.
Vast swathes of its visa system would gradually move to private companies in contracts valued together up to $9 billion over ten years, a cost burden that could be heaped partly on migrants and travellers through user charges.
Immigration has briefed industry players in San Francisco, Singapore and Bangalore, and has also invited artificial intelligence and robotics companies to help it design a new visa system in a bid to automate more assessments, potentially with AI.
www.theage.com.au/national/public-servi ... xjd5v.html
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